ISTQB Foundation Sample Question Paper No. 26


Q. 1: We split testing into distinct stages primarily because:
A. Each test stage has a different purpose.
B. It is easier to manage testing in stages.
C. We can run different tests in different environments.
D. The more stages we have, the better the testing.

Q. 2: Which of the following would NOT normally form part of a test plan?
A. Features to be tested
B. Incident reports
C. Risks
D. Schedule

Q. 3: Which of the following is a form of functional testing?
A. Boundary value analysis
B. Usability testing
C. Performance testing
D. Security testing

Q. 4: Which one of the following statements about system testing is NOT true?
A. System tests are often performed by independent teams.
B. Functional testing is used more than structural testing.
C. Faults found during system tests can be very expensive to fix.
D. End-users should be involved in system tests.

Q. 5: Which of the following is not described in a unit test standard?
A. Syntax testing
B. Equivalence partitioning
C. Stress testing
D. Modified condition/decision coverage

Q. 6: Which of the following is likely to benefit most from the use of test tools providing test capture and replay facilities?
A. Regression testing
B. Integration testing
C. System testing
D. User acceptance testing

Q. 7: Which of the following is false?
A. Incidents should always be fixed.
B. An incident occurs when expected and actual results differ.
C. Incidents can be analysed to assist in test process improvement.
D. An incident can be raised against documentation.

Q. 8: Static analysis is best described as:
A. The analysis of batch programs.
B. The reviewing of test plans.
C. The analysis of program code.
D. The use of black box testing.

Q. 9: Which of the following statements is NOT correct?
A. A minimal test set that achieves 100% LCSAJ coverage will also achieve 100% branch coverage.
B. A minimal test set that achieves 100% path coverage will also achieve 100% statement coverage.
C. A minimal test set that achieves 100% path coverage will generally detect more faults than one that achieves 100% statement coverage.
D. A minimal test set that achieves 100% statement coverage will generally detect more faults than one that achieves 100% branch coverage.

Q. 10: Which of the following statements about reviews is true?
A. Reviews cannot be performed on user requirements specifications.
B. Reviews are the least effective way of testing code.
C. Reviews are unlikely to find faults in test plans.
D. Reviews should be performed on specifications, code, and test plans.

Q. 11: What is the main difference between a walkthrough and an inspection?
A. An inspection is lead by the author, whilst a walkthrough is lead by a trained moderator.
B. An inspection has a trained leader, whilst a walkthrough has no leader.
C. Authors are not present during inspections, whilst they are during walkthroughs.
D. A walkthrough is lead by the author, whilst an inspection is lead by a trained moderator.

Q. 12: Which of these activities provides the biggest potential cost saving from the use of CAST?
A. Test management
B. Test design
C. Test execution
D. Test planning

Q. 13: Which of the following is NOT true of incidents?
A. Incident resolution is the responsibility of the author of the software under test.
B. Incidents may be raised against user requirements.
C. Incidents require investigation and/or correction.
D. Incidents are raised when expected and actual results differ.

Q. 14: Which of the following characterizes the cost of faults?
A. They are cheapest to find in the early development phases and the most expensive to fix in the latest test phases.
B. They are easiest to find during system testing but the most expensive to fix then.
C. Faults are cheapest to find in the early development phases but the most expensive to fix then.
D. Although faults are most expensive to find during early development phases, they are cheapest to fix then.

Q. 15: Which one of the following statements, about capture-replay tools, is NOT
correct?
A. They are used to support multi-user testing.
B. They are used to capture and animate user requirements.
C. They are the most frequently purchased types of CAST tool.
D. They capture aspects of user behaviour.

Q. 16: Which of the following is true of the V-model?
A. It states that modules are tested against user requirements.
B. It only models the testing phase.
C. It specifies the test techniques to be used.
D. It includes the verification of designs.

Q. 17: Error guessing:
A. Supplements formal test design techniques.
B. Can only be used in component, integration and system testing.
C. Is only performed in user acceptance testing.
D. Is not repeatable and should not be used.

Q. 18: In a system designed to work out the tax to be paid:
An employee has £4000 of salary tax free. The next £1500 is taxed at 10% The next £28000 is taxed at 22%
Any further amount is taxed at 40%
Which of these groups of numbers would fall into the same equivalence class?
A. £4800; £14000; £28000
B. £5200; £5500; £28000
C. £28001; £32000; £35000
D. £5800; £28000; £32000

Q. 19: The oracle assumption:
A. Is that there is some existing system against which test output may be checked.
B. Is that the tester can routinely identify the correct outcome of a test.
C. Is that the tester knows everything about the software under test.
D. Is that the tests are reviewed by experienced testers.

Q. 20: In prioritising what to test, the most important objective is to:
A. Find as many faults as possible.
B. Test high risk areas.
C. Obtain good test coverage.
D. Test whatever is easiest to test.

Q. 21: The most important thing about early test design is that it:
A. Makes test preparation easier.
B. Means inspections are not required.
C. Can prevent fault multiplication.
D. Will find all faults.

Q. 22: A configuration management system would NOT normally provide:
A. Linkage of customer requirements to version numbers.
B. Facilities to compare test results with expected results.
C. The precise differences in versions of software component source code.
D. Restricted access to the source code library.

Q. 23: Integration testing in the small:
A. Tests the individual components that have been developed.
B. Tests interactions between modules or subsystems.
C. Only uses components that form part of the live system.
D. Tests interfaces to other systems.

Q. 24: Which of the following requirements is testable?
A. The system shall be user friendly.
B. The safety-critical parts of the system s all contain 0 faults.
C. The response time shall be less than one second for the specified design load.
D. The system shall be built to be portable.

Q. 25: An important benefit of code inspections is that they:
A. Enable the code to be tested before the execution environment is ready.
B. Can be performed by the person who wrote the code.
C. Can be performed by inexperienced staff.
D. Are cheap to perform.

Q. 26: Test cases are designed during:
A. Test recording.
B. Test planning.
C. Test configuration.
D. Test specification.
Q. 27: A failure is:
A. Found in the software; the result of an error.
B. Departure from specified behaviour.
C. An incorrect step, process or data definition in a computer program.
D. A human action that produces an incorrect result.

Q. 28: How would you estimate the amount of re-testing likely to be required?
A. Metrics from previous similar projects
B. Discussions with the development team
C. Time allocated for regression testing
D. A. & B.

Q. 29: Given the following sets of test management terms (v-z), and activity descriptions (1-5), which one of the following best pairs the two sets?

v - Test control
w - Test monitoring
x - Test estimation
y - Incident management
z - Configuration control

1 - Calculation of required test resources
2 - Maintenance of record of test results
3 - Re-allocation of resources when tests overrun
4 - Report on deviation from test plan
5 - Tracking of anomalous test results

A. v-3,w-2,x-1,y-5,z-4
B. v-2,w-5,x-1,y-4,z-3
C. v-3,w-4,x-1,y-5,z-2
D. v-2,w-1,x-4,y-3,z-5

Q. 30: In a system designed to work out the tax to be paid:
An employee has £4000 of salary tax free. The next £1500 is taxed at 10% The next £28000 is taxed at 22% Any further amount is taxed at 40% To the nearest whole pound, which of these is a valid Boundary Value Analysis test case?
A. £1500
B. £32001
C. £33501
D. £28000

Q. 31: Which of the following is NOT true of test coverage criteria?
A. Test coverage criteria can be measured in terms of items exercised by a test suite.
B. A measure of test coverage criteria is the percentage of user requirements covered.
C. A measure of test coverage criteria is the percentage of faults found.
D. Test coverage criteria are often used when specifying test completion criteria.

Q. 32: Analyze the following highly simplified procedure:
Ask: "What type of ticket do you require, single or return?" IF the customer wantsreturn’
Ask: "What rate, Standard or Cheap-day?"
IF the customer replies Cheap-day
Say: "That will be £11:20" ELSE
Say: "That will be £19:50" ENDIF
ELSE
Say: "That will be £9:75" ENDIF
Now decide the minimum number of tests that are needed to ensure that all the questions have been asked, all combinations have occurred and all replies given.

A. 3
B. 4
C. 5
D. 6

Q. 33: Which of the following should NOT normally be an objective for a test?
A. To find faults in the software.
B. To assess whether the software is ready for release.
C. To demonstrate that the software doesnt work.
D. To prove that the software is correct.

Q. 34: Enough testing has been performed when:
A. Time runs out.
B. The required level of confidence has been achieved.
C. No more faults are found.
D. The users wont find any serious faults.

Q. 35: Which of the following is the best source of Expected Outcomes for User
Acceptance Test scripts?
A. Actual results
B. Program specification
C. User requirements
D. System specification

Q. 36: Which of the following are disadvantages of capturing tests by recording the actions of a manual tester?
i The script may be unstable when unexpected events occur.
ii Data for a number of similar tests is automatically stored separately from the script.
iii Expected results must be added to the captured script.
iv The captured script documents the exact inputs entered by the tester.
v When replaying a captured test, the tester may need to debug the script if it doesnt play correctly.
A. i, iii, iv, v.
B. ii, iv and v.
C. i, ii and iv.
D. i and v.

Q. 37: Which of the following is a characteristic of good testing in any life cycle model?
A. All document reviews involve the development team.
B. Some, but not all, development activities have corresponding test activities.
C. Each test level has test objectives specific to that level.
D. Analysis and design of tests begins as soon as development is complete.

Q. 38: The process of designing test cases consists of the following activities:
i. Elaborate and describe test cases in detail by using test design techniques.
ii. Specify the order of test case execution.
iii. Analyse requirements and specifications to determine test conditions.
iv. Specify expected results.
According to the process of identifying and designing tests, what is the correct order of these activities?

A. iii, i, iv, ii.
B. iii, iv, i, ii.
C. iii, ii, i, iv.
D. ii, iii, i, iv.

Q. 39: Which is the MOST important advantage of independence in testing?
A. An independent tester may find defects more quickly than the person who wrote the software.
B. An independent tester may be more focused on showing how the software works than the person who wrote the software.
C. An independent tester may be more effective and efficient because they are less familiar with the software than the person who wrote it.
D. An independent tester may be more effective at finding defects missed by the person who wrote the software.

Q. 40: Given the following specification, which of the following values for age are in the SAME equivalence partition?
If you are less than 18, you are too young to be insured. Between 18 and 30 inclusive, you will receive a 20% discount. Anyone over 30 is not eligible for a discount.
A. 17, 18, 19.
B. 29, 30, 31.
C. 18, 29, 30.
D. 17, 29, 31.

Answers:
Q.1-A
Q.2-B
Q.3-A
Q.4-D
Q.5-C
Q.6-A
Q.7-C
Q.8-C
Q.9-D
Q.10-D
Q.11-D
Q.12-C
Q.13-B
Q.14-A
Q.15-D
Q.16-D
Q.17-A
Q.18-D
Q.19-B
Q.20-B
Q.21-C
Q.22-B
Q.23-B
Q.24-C
Q.25-A
Q.26-D
Q.27-B
Q.28-D
Q.29-C
Q.30-C
Q.31-C
Q.32-A
Q.33-D
Q.34-B
Q.35-C
Q.36-A
Q.37-C
Q.38-A
Q.39-D
Q.40-C

11 comments:

  1. Q13 should be B (logic)
    Q7 should be C (cuz there is word "should be fixed" not "must be fixed"

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hello Egita,

      The answers are corrected.

      Sincerely.

      Delete
  2. Replies
    1. Hello Egita,

      The answers are corrected.

      Sincerely.

      Delete
  3. I beg to disagree with answers for 7,13.Please elaborate...

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Incidents are not expected in normal testing life cycle.
      Incidents are like something which is not defined and some abnormal and unexpected behavior of the system.
      So that is the reason the option: "Incidents can be analysed to assist in test process improvement." is best suitable for the question 7.
      ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Incidents may be raised against user requirements.: is totally wrong as the incidents are not normal and always undefined.
      Incidents can't be validated against user requirements.

      Delete
  4. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  5. The answer to question 7 is A because the incident need not be fixed always it can be deferred and also rejected in some cases

    ReplyDelete
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  7. Can anyone please explain q.no. 16

    ReplyDelete